General Symptom: 2Lf (Lf = Line frequency)
Stator problems would create high vibration at 2Lf. Stator eccentricity produces uneven stationary air gap between the rotor and stator that produces a very directional source of vibration.
Soft foot is often the cause of eccentric stator.
Other key indicators:
- 2Lf peak would be comparably high
- For a 2 pole motor this peak would be close to 2N (N= running speed). Would need sufficient resolution to separate them
- A spectrum may reveal beating — 2Lf and 2N peaks may appear to rise and fall if we don’t have sufficient resolution to separate them.
- Time waveform — a combination of 2N and 2Lf would reveal a beat type pattern if the time period covers more than a few seconds. If the time period isn’t long enough, then we would see a wobble or take on the classic M or W shapes due to combination of 1N, 2N and 2Lf.
- Thermal images would reveal heat bands in the direction perpendicular to the direction of high vibration
- Vibration would be highest at the point where the stator is closest to the rotor. Move the accelerometer around the motor housing to see if the peak is high in one or two locations.